Pius XII: Pope during the Second World War and the definer of the Assumption.
In this episode of Habemus Papam, Fr. Conrad discusses Pius XII, who succeeded Pius XI: The Creation of Vatican City State, and a defiant antifascist Pope, who was also a world class mountain climber. You can listen to the podcast about him here.
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Born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli on March 2, 1876 in Rome to Filippo Pacelli and Virginia (Graziosi) Pacelli.
Eugenio Pacelli received seminary studies in 1894 at the age of 18 at the Almo Collegio Capranica. He received the Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Basilica of Saint John Lateran on Easter Sunday, April 2, 1899.
Pope Pius XI made Pacelli a Cardinal-Priest of Santi Giovanni e Paolo on December 16, 1929 and then on February 7, 1930 Pius XI appointed him Cardinal Secretary of State.
Pope Pius XI died on February 10, 1939. The conclave elected Pacelli because of his diplomatic experience on March 2, 1939 after one day of deliberation and three ballots. Pacelli took the name Pope Pius XII as a sign of continuity.
Famously, Pius XII defined the dogma of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
On October 9, 1958, Pope Pius XII died and Pope John XXIII succeeded him.