Innocent X: The Peace of Westphalia and the Jansenist Controversy.
In this episode of Habemus Papam, Fr. Conrad discusses Pope Innocent X, who succeeded Pope Urban VIII–What the Barberians didn’t do to Rome, the Barbarinis did. You can listen to the podcast about him here.
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Born Giovanni Battista Pamphili on May 5, 1574 in Rome to Camillo Pamphili and directly descended from Pope Alexander VI. He studied at the Roman College and ascended through the ranks of the Catholic Church. He served as consistorial lawyer in 1601 and succeded his uncle, Cardinal Girolamo Pamphili as auditor of the Roman Rota in 1604.
In May 1626 Giovanni Battista became nuncio to the court of Philip IV of Spain. After Pope Urban VII died, a long, contentious conclave ensued in 1644, which began August 9th and ended September 15th. Cardinal Pamphili became the acceptable compromise.
Pamphili chose the name Innocent X.
In his later years, Innocent X suffered from gout, which caused him pain and severely restriced his movements. In August 1654, the 80 year old pontiff’s health began to decline. On December 28, Innocent X received Last Rites. On January 1, 1655 and January 6th, they celebrated Holy Mass at the pope’s bedside and her received Viaticum. The Pope died on January 6th 1655.